The Archipelago of Galapagos Islands which is located in the middle of nowhere, in the Pacific Ocean, happened to be the result of land coming from the center of the world down to the ocean and became so called biodiversity Hotspot. After this process has been going through millions of years, the real situation happened there. Because the Ocean is moving same as our planet does, so this Earth rotation is known as “The Coriolis Effect”. Due to this effect the Galapagos Islands are suffering such important variation of the temperature and anything close to the equator , north of it, in the Pacific Ocean is covering the North pole, because of the North and Central America. That’s why the north of Galapagos Islands is warmer, once the South has nothing to block the South pole we have a direct connection with the water from the South in contact with the equator. And that brings the water to the Galapagos Islands , in other words the equatorial line works as a boundary which is creating this isolated situation.
On top of this, when we use the word “isolation” is really impressive because Galapagos is 600 miles of the West coast of Ecuador and continent. Because of that, it is welcoming different ocean currents with life. How amazing is that ! The water can be flowing and it’s really taking nutrients, but it needs a land to smash and to create that impact effect and to provoke the upwelling’s. And this is very important, no wonder every time you go to a rock or every time you go to the sunk ship, you will find there marine life thanks to the growth of algae where the fish legs it’s eggs. So there is a plenty of food for the chain. Yes we can call it “the chain” and because of that the Galapagos Islands which usually in the beginning of their existence were “naked”, isolated and without a life, suddenly within some laps of time have created a reach and unbelievable ecosystem.
On top of that, we have the same principle outside the water – in the highlands and that one was new called “lava” or “flowing lava “where the Hotspot was creating the volcano, the tectonic plate of Nazca was moving towards the continent and by this time when it was moving to the continent, very young volcanos became older and started to face the erosion. Because of that they started crying , molding and destroying soil by producing this effect – thanks to the water and the rain- to have vegetation growing. And because of the vegetation growing than finally we can have the famous: rain . The rain which blocks the evaporation of the wind. And that’s important, because the rain in Galapagos comes between December until the end of April or even May giving than a warmer time – thanks to mentioned Earth Rotation. And on the other side, we also have the South part which happens to be the famous opposite which has the colder water arriving (due to Humboldt cold ocean current from the South) known as “garúa” season or also called “the cold mist season”. Besides the Humboldt current, there are 2 other ocean currents interfering with Galapagos Islands: Cromwell cold current coming from West to the East and Panama warm current coming from the North to the South (causing the rain)